Indicator database

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    Generation of waste

    Recycling rate of e-waste

    Electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) is a risk to environment because of its hazardous components. However, it also provides a high potential for recycling precious metals and other highly valuable materials.
    The indicator presents the effective recycling rate of e-waste which is the collection rate multiplied by the efficiency of treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
    WEEE cannot simply be regarded as being equivalent to the amount put on the market in the same year, as EEE often takes longer than one year to become a waste.

    Productivity of artificial land

    Productivity of artificial land is defined as the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country divided by its total artificial land. Artificial land consists of built-up areas (areas covered with buildings and greenhouses) and non built-up areas (streets and sealed surfaces). Artificial land productivity shows whether built-up and non built-up areas are efficiently used to generate added economic value.
    For the calculation of artificial land productivity Eurostat uses the GDP in millions of PPS (Purchasing Power Standard).

    Built-up areas

    The indicator measures the total built-up area in a country (in km2). Built-up areas are areas covered with buildings and greenhouses.

    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 24/03/2015

    Water productivity

    The indicator measures how much economic output is produced per cubic meter of fresh water abstracted. It indicates the productivity of water use.

    Total environmental tax revenues as a share of total revenues from taxes and social contributions

    An environmental tax is a tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of it) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment. Total revenues for environmental taxes include taxes on transport, energy, pollution and resources.

    Common bird index

    The indicator is an aggregated index integrating the population abundance and the diversity of a selection of common bird species. Three groups of bird species are presented in this indicator: farmland specialists (39 species), forest specialists (33 species) and all common bird species (farmland species, forest species and a further 91 species).Rare species are excluded.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/tsdnr100_esmsip.htm on 25-03-2015

    Employment in eco-industries and circular economy (% of total employment across all companies)

    The indicator tracks the share of employment in eco-industries in total workforce. Data for year 2008 is obtained from Ecorys (2009): "Study on the Competitiveness of the EU eco-industry." 2012 data is sourced from Thomson One database.

    Retrieved from http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/287/1, 25.03.2015

    Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars

    This indicator is defined as the average emissions of carbon dioxide per kilometre by new passenger cars registered in a given year.

    Area under organic farming

    The indicator measures the share of total utilized agricultural area occupied by organic farming (existing organically-farmed areas and areas in process of conversion). Organic farming is a method of production, which puts the highest emphasis on environmental protection and, with regard to livestock production, animal welfare considerations.
    Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    on 25/03/2015

    Urban population exposure to air pollution by particulate matter

    The indicator shows the population-weighted concentration of fine particulates (PM10) to which the urban population is potentially exposed.
    Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    on 25/03/2015

    Turnover in eco-industries

    The indicator calculates the share of the Eco-industry turnover of total GDP.

    Data for 2004 are taken from the Ernst&Young Study (2006): Eco-industry, its size, employment, perspectives and barriers to growth in an enlarged EU",
    Data for 2008 comes from Ecorys et al. (2009): "Study on the Competitiveness of the EU eco-industry"
    Data for 2012 is based on Thomson One database.

    Retrieved from, http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/288/1, 26.3.2014

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - nitrogen

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of nitrogen surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the nitrogen added to an agricultural system and the nitrogen removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 30/03/2015

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - phosphorus

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of phosphorus surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the phosphorus added to an agricultural system and the phosphorus removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.

    Built-up areas - percentage

    The indicator measures the total built-up area as a share of the total surface area of land in the country. Built-up areas are areas covered with buildings and greenhouses whereas non built-up areas include streets and sealed surfaces.
    Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 26/03/2015

    Energy Productivity

    Energy taxes by paying sectors - Households

    Final energy consumption in households by fuel - total petroleum products

    This indicator presents the share of petroleum products in final residential energy consumption (there are five other product types for which a comparable indicator is produced: solid fuels, gas, electrical energy, derived heat and renewable energies).

    Eco-Innovation Inputs

    Eco-innovation inputs are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: government investments in environmental and energy R&D, green early stage investments and total R&D personnel.
    (Source: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/269/1)

    Human resources in science and technology (% of active population)

    The percentage of the population that meets the following three criteria, as a percentage of the total population aged 25-64, and active in the labour market (e.g. employed or unemployed by available to work): (i) aged 25-64, (ii) active in the labour market (e.g. employed or unemployed but available to work), and (iii) has successfully completed studies in science and technology (beyond secondary school education, e.g. at college, university etc.) or are employed in science and technology.

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