Indicator database

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    Land cover distribution and change — outlook from MNP

    Land cover distribution and change is a modeled prediction of the distribution of land-cover types (tropical rain forest; desert; tundra; etc.) across the total world terrestrial area in 2050 based on different scenarios.

    Municipal waste generation, total

    Total Municipal waste consists of waste generated by households primarily, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality.

    (Source Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/refreshTableAction.do?tab=table&plugin=...)

    Nationally designated areas

    Areas designated under national legislation for the purpose of nature protection including sites such as national parks and nature reserves.

    Nitrogen oxides emissions

    Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are together referred to as nitrogen oxides (NOX). Combustion of fossil fuels is by far the dominant source of NOX emissions. The emissions are not dependent solely on the amount of nitrogen in the fuel but also on the air - fuel mix ratio. High temperatures and oxidation-rich conditions generally favour NOX formation in combustion.NOX contributes to acid deposition and eutrophication which in turn can lead to potential changes occurring in soil and water quality.

    Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances

    This indicator quantifies the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in Europe. ODS are long-lived chemicals that contain chlorine or/and bromine and that destroy the stratospheric ozone layer.

    The indicator presents production and consumption in units of tonnes of ODS, which is the amount of ODS produced or consumed, multiplied by their respective ozone depleting potential value. The UNEP - Ozone secretariat data are already provided in tonnes of Ozone Depleting Potential (ODP tonnes).

    Public awareness

    This indicator is based on a quantitative questionnaire-based survey (Eurobarometer survey on biodiversity) to provide results that can be presented as, for instance (fictional example): '35 % of the European voting population visit a nature reserve at least once a year'. It can include qualitative information, often involving focus groups, for instance (fictional example): 'Discussion in the United Kingdom focus groups has shown that people are highly concerned about the impact of climate change on wildlife'.

    Soil erosion by water

    EU-wide estimates of erosion are based on modelling studies. Most models contain a rainfall erosivity factor and a soil erodibility factor that reflect average precipitation conditions. Typical values for these factors may inadequately represent the impact of extreme rainfall. Therefore, the uncertainty of modelled erosion risk is high, especially at local level.
    (Source, EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/soil-erosion-by-water-1, 12-2-2015)

    Soil organic carbon

    Soil organic carbon is the carbon (C) stored in soil organic matter (SOM). Organic carbon (OC) enters the soil through the decomposition of plant and animal residues, root exudates, living and dead microorganisms, and soil biota. SOM is the organic fraction of soil exclusive of nondecomposed plant and animal residues. Nevertheless, most analytical methods do not distinguish between decomposed and non-decomposed residues. SOM is a heterogeneous, dynamic substance that varies in particle size, C content, decomposition rate, and turnover time.

    Species diversity

    Species diversity is a measure of the diversity within an ecological community that incorporates both species richness (the number of species in a community) and the evenness of species' abundances. Species diversity is one component of the concept of biodiversity.

    Species of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of species of European interest.
    It is currently based on data collected under the obligations for monitoring under Article 11 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/species-of-european-in...

    Species interactions

    Projected spatial mismatches of the Portuguese Dappled White butterfly and its host plants

    Status of marine fish stocks

    "The indicator tracks the ratio of the number of over-fished stocks to the total number of commercial stocks per fishing area in European seas."

    European Environment Agency, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/status-of-marine-fish-..., retrieved on 03.02.2015

    Conservation status of habitats by habitat group

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of habitats by habitat group.
    It is based on data collected under the reporting obligations of Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    Conservation status of species by taxonomic grouping

    Conservation status of species by taxonomic grouping (Article 17, Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC)

    Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption

    This indicator is calculated on the basis of data covered by Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics. Reporting countries provide additional information on renewable source not covered by the Regulation. This indicator may be considered an estimate of the indicator described in Directive 2009/28/EC because statistical systems in some countries are not yet fully developed to meet all the requirements of this Directive. More information about the renewable energy shares calculation methodology can be found on the Eurostat website.

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, by age group      

    The indicator is defined as the share of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers).

    Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tessi012, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    NOTE: Metadata currently unavailable due to a broken link on the Eurostat website. To be added later.

    Components of domestic material consumption      

    The indicator Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) is defined as the total amount of material directly used in an economy. DMC equals Direct Material Input (DMI) minus exports. DMI measures the direct input of materials for the use in the economy. DMI equals Domestic Extraction (DE) plus imports.

    Consumption of certain foodstuffs per inhabitant    

    This indicator presents the gross human apparent consumption of some major food items (cereals, meat and fish). Gross apparent human consumption is a proxy indicator for the availability of food to the consumer but not of the actual consumption by households.
    (Source: EU data portal, https://open-data.europa.eu/en/data/dataset/Othveyne27zmX6OKsIMQ)

    Domestic material consumption by material

    The indicator Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) is defined as the total amount of material directly used in an economy. DMC equals Direct Material Input (DMI) minus exports and Domestic Extraction (DE) plus imports. (source: Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/tsdpc230_esmsip.htm)

    Ecolabel licenses

    This indicator is defined as the number of Ecolabel or "EU Flower" licences in European countries. The Community Ecolabel is awarded to products and services with reduced environmental impacts. It is administered by the European Commission and receives the support of all EU Member States and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Ecolabel criteria are discussed in the European Union Ecolabelling Board (EUEB) whose membership includes representatives from industry, environmental protection groups, consumer organisations and representatives for SMEs.

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