Indicator database

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    At-risk-of-poverty rate, by age group      

    The indicator is defined as the share of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers).

    Eurostat,, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    NOTE: Metadata currently unavailable due to a broken link on the Eurostat website. To be added later.

    Employment rate, by sex, age group 20-64

    The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    EU imports from least-developed countries by group of products

    The value at market prices of EU imports from least-developed countries, broken down by group of products (agricultural products, raw materials, energy products and manufactured goods).

    (Eurostat,, 2014-12-10)

    Household saving rate   

    "The gross household saving rate measures the portion of disposable income that is not used by the household for final consumption. It is measured by gross saving divided by gross disposable income adjusted for the change in the net equity in pension fund reserves."
    (Eurostat,, 13-01-2015)

    Inequality of income distribution   

    The ratio of total income received by the 20 % of the population with the highest income (top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the population with the lowest income (lowest quintile). Income must be understood as equivalised disposable income.

    Eurostat,, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    Long-term unemployment rate, by sex   

    The overall percentage of the total active population which is unemployed, and broken down by sex. Long-term unemployed (12 months and more) comprise persons aged at least 15, who are not living in collective households, who will be without work during the next two weeks, who would be available to start work within the next two weeks and who are seeking work (have actively sought employment at some time during the previous four weeks or are not seeking a job because they have already found a job to start later).

    Pension expenditure projections (baseline scenario) (for sub-theme public finance sustainability)

    The pension expenditure indicator includes gross public pensions (i.e. before taxes and compulsory social security contributions) as a percentage of GDP. It is the sum of different categories of pension benefits, some of which (for example, disability pensions) may be paid to people who have not reached the standard retiring age. The projections are made on the basis of Eurostat's population projection - EUROPOP2010 - and commonly agreed underlying economic assumptions that have been prepared by the European Commission (DG ECFIN) and the Economic Policy Committee (Ageing Working Group).

    Unemployment rate, by age group    

    "Unemployment rates represent unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force. The labour force is the total number of people employed and unemployed. Unemployed persons comprise persons aged 15 to 74 who were:
    a. without work during the reference week,
    b. currently available for work, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment before the end of the two weeks following the reference week,

    Low wage earners as a proportion of all employees (excluding apprentices): by educational attainment

    Low-wage earners are defined as those employees earning two thirds or less of the national median gross hourly earnings in a particular country.
    Retrieved: 26 January 2015

    Arrears (mortgage or rent, utility bills or hire purchase)

    Percentage of population in arrears. People who are in arrears of their mortgage or rent, utility bills or hire purchase.

    S80/S20 income quintile share ratio by sex and selected age group

    The ratio of total income received by the 20 % of the population with the highest income (top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the population with the lowest income (lowest quintile). Income must be understood as equivalised disposable income.

    Eurostat,, retrieved on 13.01.2015

    Central government debt, total (% of GDP)

    "Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year."

    Satisfaction with working conditions

    Satisfaction with their (workers) working conditions in general, as well as specific areas
    such as working hours, workload, autonomy and work-life balance (p. 3)
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Unemployment rate by sex and age groups - annual average, %

    Unemployed persons are all persons 15 to 74 years of age (16 to 74 years in ES, IT and the UK) who were not employed during the reference week, had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks.
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    People living in households with very low work intensity

    People aged 0-59, living in households, where working-age adults (18-59) work less than 20% of their total work potential during the past year.

    (Retrieved from, 26 January 2015)

    Desire to be Employed

    The indicator measures the level of willingness to be employed in percentage.
    (Date of retrieval: 2 February 2015)

    Gini Coefficient

    Gini Coefficient(also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) measures the extent to which the distribution of income or consumption expenditure among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality. (The lower its value, the more equally household income is distributed.)

    World Bank,, retrieved on 18.02.2015

    Distribution of population by tenure status

    This indicator provides the percentage of people living in households who own their occupied dwelling (with or without a mortgage or loan) and the percentage of the people who rent their home (at market price or at a reduced price or for free).

    The full title of the indicator is: "Distribution of population by tenure status, type of household and income group (source: SILC)"

    Annual net earnings

    "Net earnings are calculated from gross earnings by deducting the employee's social security contributions and income taxes, and adding family allowances in the case of households with children. Income tax and social security contributions parameters refer to the beginning of the fiscal year, i.e. changes occurring later during the year are ignored. [..]

    Net social protection as a percentage of GDP

    "Net social protection benefits are defined as the value of social protection benefits excluding taxes and social contributions paid by the benefits recipients. They are complemented by the value of “Fiscal benefits” provided in the form of tax breaks that would be defined as social protection benefits, if they were provided in cash. Tax breaks promoting the provision of social protection or promoting private insurance plans are excluded.