Indicator database


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    At-risk-of-poverty rate, by age group      

    The indicator is defined as the share of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers).

    Eurostat,, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    NOTE: Metadata currently unavailable due to a broken link on the Eurostat website. To be added later.

    Employment rate, by sex, age group 20-64

    The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    EU imports from least-developed countries by group of products

    The value at market prices of EU imports from least-developed countries, broken down by group of products (agricultural products, raw materials, energy products and manufactured goods).

    (Eurostat,, 2014-12-10)

    Household saving rate   

    "The gross household saving rate measures the portion of disposable income that is not used by the household for final consumption. It is measured by gross saving divided by gross disposable income adjusted for the change in the net equity in pension fund reserves."
    (Eurostat,, 13-01-2015)

    Inequality of income distribution   

    The ratio of total income received by the 20 % of the population with the highest income (top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the population with the lowest income (lowest quintile). Income must be understood as equivalised disposable income.

    Eurostat,, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    Adjusted net national income per capita (current US$)

    Adjusted net national income per capita is adjusted net national income (NNI) divided by number of people in the country.

    Adjusted NNI is Gross National Income (GNI) minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.

    GNI is the sum of value added by all producers who are residents in a nation, plus any product taxes (minus subsidies) not included in output, plus income received from abroad such as employee compensation and property income.

    Low wage earners as a proportion of all employees (excluding apprentices): by educational attainment

    Low-wage earners are defined as those employees earning two thirds or less of the national median gross hourly earnings in a particular country.
    Retrieved: 26 January 2015

    S80/S20 income quintile share ratio by sex and selected age group

    The ratio of total income received by the 20 % of the population with the highest income (top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the population with the lowest income (lowest quintile). Income must be understood as equivalised disposable income.

    Eurostat,, retrieved on 13.01.2015

    Central government debt, total (% of GDP)

    "Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year."

    Unemployment rate by sex and age groups - annual average, %

    Unemployed persons are all persons 15 to 74 years of age (16 to 74 years in ES, IT and the UK) who were not employed during the reference week, had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks.
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Deterioration of Personal Situation Compared to the Past

    A subjective judgement of a person, who thinks/feels that his personal situation is becoming progressively worse than it was in the past

    Gini Coefficient

    Gini Coefficient(also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) measures the extent to which the distribution of income or consumption expenditure among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality. (The lower its value, the more equally household income is distributed.)

    World Bank,, retrieved on 18.02.2015

    Annual net earnings

    "Net earnings are calculated from gross earnings by deducting the employee's social security contributions and income taxes, and adding family allowances in the case of households with children. Income tax and social security contributions parameters refer to the beginning of the fiscal year, i.e. changes occurring later during the year are ignored. [..]

    Net social protection as a percentage of GDP

    "Net social protection benefits are defined as the value of social protection benefits excluding taxes and social contributions paid by the benefits recipients. They are complemented by the value of “Fiscal benefits” provided in the form of tax breaks that would be defined as social protection benefits, if they were provided in cash. Tax breaks promoting the provision of social protection or promoting private insurance plans are excluded.

    Subjective High Opportunities for Advancement

    Percentage of employed persons who "strongly agree" or "agree" to the statement "My opportunities for advancement are high"
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Wage Differentials of Female and Male Employees

    "Ratio of the average gross hourly earnings of female and male manual workers in the manufacturing industry."

    Social Indicators Monitor (SIMon),

    Labour taxes, % GDP

    Taxes on labour, probably including social security, as percentage of GDP

    Intangible fixed assets (net)

    Intangible fixed assets (net) are immaterial assets (e.g. computer software).
    The concept and the numbers are based on National Accounts and a component of total fixed assets (net).
    (for more information: Eurostat,, 23-01-2015)

    Total fixed assets (net)

    Total fixed assets (net) is a concept of the annual national accounts. It is the sum of the following asset types:
    "Cultivated assets (AN.1114), Transport equipment (AN.11131), Other machinery and equipment (AN.11132), Dwellings (AN.1111), Other buildings and structures (AN.1112), Intangible fixed assets (AN.112).

    More detailed information can be found in annex 7.1 of ESA95." (Eurostat,, 22-01-2015)

    Total wealth estimate ($)

    "The Wealth of Nations dataset provides country level data on comprehensive wealth, adjusted net saving, and non-renewable resource rents indicators, as published in "The Changing Wealth of Nations" (2011)."
    (World Bank,, 23-01-2015)

    "Total wealth is present value of future consumption that is sustainable, discounted at a rate of time preference of 1.5 percent, over 25 years.

    Depletion Adjusted Saving (DAS) =