Indicator database

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    Green jobs

    The jobs created due to policy interventions in resource efficiency and environment are sometimes referred to as ‘Green Jobs’.(ECORYS, The number of Jobs dependent on the Environment and Resource Efficiency (2012), http://ec.europa.eu/environment/enveco/jobs/pdf/jobs.pdf)

    Employment rate, by sex, age group 20-64

    The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.

    http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Total R&D expenditure

    Gross domestic expenditure on research and experimental development as a percentage of GDP. This includes spending on creative work that is undertaken on a systematic basis which aims to increase the stock of knowledge, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.

    Low wage earners as a proportion of all employees (excluding apprentices): by educational attainment

    Low-wage earners are defined as those employees earning two thirds or less of the national median gross hourly earnings in a particular country.
    http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Wages_and_la...
    Retrieved: 26 January 2015

    Unemployment rate by sex and age groups - annual average, %

    Unemployed persons are all persons 15 to 74 years of age (16 to 74 years in ES, IT and the UK) who were not employed during the reference week, had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks.

    http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/DE/tsdec450_esmsip.htm
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) by socio-economic objective. The indicator is expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.
    (Source: Green Growth indicators 2014, https://www.enviroportal.sk/uploads/files/Zeleny%20rast/OECDGG.pdf)

    Green investments (to capture potential source of transformational change)

    The Green Transition Scoreboard tracks private sector investments in the global economy, relevant to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water (2014 theme), research and development and green technologies (i.e. clean tech).

    Employment in industry (% of total employment)

    People who work for public or private employers and receive remuneration in wages, salaries, commission, tips, etc. working in industry and includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities.
    (Source: WorldBank, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.IND.EMPL.ZS, retrieved 2-2-2015)

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % of total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.. (source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GREEN_GROWTH)

    Job vacancy rate

    A job vacancy is defined as a newly created, unoccupied, or about to become vacant, post. The job vacancy rate (JVR) measures the proportion of total posts that are vacant expressed as a percentage as follows:
    JVR = number of job vacancies * 100 / (number of occupied posts + number of job vacancies)
    http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Production-based CO2 productivity

    GDP generated per unit of CO2 emitted through fuel consumption

    Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment)

    Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
    http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.LTRM.ZS
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Turnover in eco-industries

    The indicator calculates the share of the Eco-industry turnover of total GDP.

    Data for 2004 are taken from the Ernst&Young Study (2006): Eco-industry, its size, employment, perspectives and barriers to growth in an enlarged EU",
    Data for 2008 comes from Ecorys et al. (2009): "Study on the Competitiveness of the EU eco-industry"
    Data for 2012 is based on Thomson One database.

    Retrieved from, http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/288/1, 26.3.2014

    Eco-Innovation Activities

    Eco-innovation activities are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: Implementation of innovation activities to reduce material inputs per unit of output in companies, implementation of innovation activities to reduce energy inputs per unit of output in companies and firms with environmental management (ISO 14001) systems.

    Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of material input per unit output

    Number of firms, implementing innovations with environmental benefits

    Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of energy input per unit output (% of total firms)

    Number of firms, implementing innovations with environmental benefits

    ISO 14001 registered organisations (per mln population)

    This indicator provides an overview of ISO 14001 certified companies in European countries. The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land), comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and continually improve in the above

    Eco-Innovation Outputs

    Eco-innovation outputs are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: government investments in environmental and energy R&D, green early stage investments and total R&D personnel
    (Spurce: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/269/1; Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Eco-Innovation related patents (per mln population)

    The indicator shows the number of the eco-innovation patents per million of population
    (Source: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/visualise/#view:indicator/i...
    Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Eco-innovation related academic publications (per mln population)

    The indicator shows the number of the eco-innovation related publications per million of population
    (Source: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/visualise/#view:indicator/i...
    Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

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