Indicator database

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    Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas

    The indicator shows the fraction of the EU-28 urban population that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of certain pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, O3, NO2, SO2 and B(a)P)) in excess of the EU limit or target values (EU, 2004, 2008) set for the protection of human health; and to concentrations of these pollutants in excess of the WHO Guidelines (WHO, 2000, 2006).

    It also shows the evolution of urban background levels of PM2.5, PM10, O3 and NO2 at the European level.

    EU urban population exposed to PM10 concentrations exceeding the daily limit value

    The indicator measures the percentage of population in urban areas with PM10 concentrations exceeding the daily limit value (50 µg/m3). This daily limit should not be exceeded on more than 35 days in a calendar year. The exposure to PM10 pollution is estimated based upon PM10 measured at all urban monitoring stations, including urban and suburban traffic station types. The air quality data is collected by the European Environment Agency on an annual basis according to the Exchange of Information Decision (97/101/EC amended by the Commission Decision 2001/752/EC).

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Pollutant emissions from transport

    "Pollutant emissions transport" measures the transport emissions of NOx, NMVOCs and particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5). It is structured as a benchmark, having an index pegged at year 2000 (index 2000 = 100).

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang..., 24.03.2015

    Soil erosion by water - area eroded by more than 10 tonnes per hectare per year

    The indicator assesses the soil loss by water erosion processes (rainsplash, sheetwash and rills) and gives an indication of the area affected by a certain rate of soil erosion (moderate to severe, i.e. >10 tonnes/hectare/year in the OECD definition). This area is expressed in km2 and as a percentage of the total non-artificial area in the country.

    Growing stock in forests available for wood supply

    " Volume of all living trees more than X cm in diameter at breast height (or above buttress if these are higher) measured over bark from ground or stump height to a top stem diameter of Y cm, excluding or including branches to a minimum diameter of Z cm. Excludes: smaller branches, twigs, foliage, flowers, seeds, stump and roots."

    FAO, http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/ae354e/AE354E13.htm, retrieved on 22.01.2015

    Better Life Index

    The Better Life index is an interactive tool that allows you to see how countries perform according to the importance you give to each of 11 topics.

    Resource Efficiency Scoreboard

    The Resource efficiency scoreboard is a tool / user interface for presenting key indicators relating to natural resources. For this scoreboard, a limited set of already available indicators was selected, covering as many as possible of the themes and subthemes identified in the Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe. It is a three tier system based on a lead indicator, a dashboard of indicators and a set of theme specific indicators:
    - One Lead indicator – focus on resource productivity
    - 9 Dashboard indicators with focus on carbon, water and land;

    Productivity of artificial land

    Productivity of artificial land is defined as the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country divided by its total artificial land. Artificial land consists of built-up areas (areas covered with buildings and greenhouses) and non built-up areas (streets and sealed surfaces). Artificial land productivity shows whether built-up and non built-up areas are efficiently used to generate added economic value.
    For the calculation of artificial land productivity Eurostat uses the GDP in millions of PPS (Purchasing Power Standard).

    Built-up areas

    The indicator measures the total built-up area in a country (in km2). Built-up areas are areas covered with buildings and greenhouses.

    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 24/03/2015

    Water productivity

    The indicator measures how much economic output is produced per cubic meter of fresh water abstracted. It indicates the productivity of water use.

    Common bird index

    The indicator is an aggregated index integrating the population abundance and the diversity of a selection of common bird species. Three groups of bird species are presented in this indicator: farmland specialists (39 species), forest specialists (33 species) and all common bird species (farmland species, forest species and a further 91 species).Rare species are excluded.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/tsdnr100_esmsip.htm on 25-03-2015

    Area under organic farming

    The indicator measures the share of total utilized agricultural area occupied by organic farming (existing organically-farmed areas and areas in process of conversion). Organic farming is a method of production, which puts the highest emphasis on environmental protection and, with regard to livestock production, animal welfare considerations.
    Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    on 25/03/2015

    Urban population exposure to air pollution by particulate matter

    The indicator shows the population-weighted concentration of fine particulates (PM10) to which the urban population is potentially exposed.
    Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    on 25/03/2015

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - nitrogen

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of nitrogen surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the nitrogen added to an agricultural system and the nitrogen removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 30/03/2015

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - phosphorus

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of phosphorus surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the phosphorus added to an agricultural system and the phosphorus removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.

    Built-up areas - percentage

    The indicator measures the total built-up area as a share of the total surface area of land in the country. Built-up areas are areas covered with buildings and greenhouses whereas non built-up areas include streets and sealed surfaces.
    Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 26/03/2015