Indicator database

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    Critical load exceedance for nitrogen

    Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition indicating risks for biodiversity loss in (semi)-natural ecosystems.
    (Source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/critical-load-exceedan..., 6-2-2015)

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Emissions of organic matter

    The emission of organic matter is a key environmental problem. Among the pollutants mentioned are Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), and Total Organic Carbon (TOC). BOD, COD and TOC are key indicators of the oxygen content of water.

    Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas

    The indicator shows the fraction of the EU-28 urban population that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of certain pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, O3, NO2, SO2 and B(a)P)) in excess of the EU limit or target values (EU, 2004, 2008) set for the protection of human health; and to concentrations of these pollutants in excess of the WHO Guidelines (WHO, 2000, 2006).

    It also shows the evolution of urban background levels of PM2.5, PM10, O3 and NO2 at the European level.

    Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone

    "The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment."

    Retrieved from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/exposure-of-ecosystems... on 27/01/2015

    Invasive alien species in Europe

    Number of the listed 'worst' terrestrial and freshwater invasive alien species in each country". (EEA, from the title of figure 4 from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species (http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species...)

    Land cover distribution and change — outlook from MNP

    Land cover distribution and change is a modeled prediction of the distribution of land-cover types (tropical rain forest; desert; tundra; etc.) across the total world terrestrial area in 2050 based on different scenarios.

    Soil erosion by water

    EU-wide estimates of erosion are based on modelling studies. Most models contain a rainfall erosivity factor and a soil erodibility factor that reflect average precipitation conditions. Typical values for these factors may inadequately represent the impact of extreme rainfall. Therefore, the uncertainty of modelled erosion risk is high, especially at local level.
    (Source, EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/soil-erosion-by-water-1, 12-2-2015)

    Status of marine fish stocks

    "The indicator tracks the ratio of the number of over-fished stocks to the total number of commercial stocks per fishing area in European seas."

    European Environment Agency, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/status-of-marine-fish-..., retrieved on 03.02.2015

    EU urban population exposed to PM10 concentrations exceeding the daily limit value

    The indicator measures the percentage of population in urban areas with PM10 concentrations exceeding the daily limit value (50 µg/m3). This daily limit should not be exceeded on more than 35 days in a calendar year. The exposure to PM10 pollution is estimated based upon PM10 measured at all urban monitoring stations, including urban and suburban traffic station types. The air quality data is collected by the European Environment Agency on an annual basis according to the Exchange of Information Decision (97/101/EC amended by the Commission Decision 2001/752/EC).

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Pollutant emissions from transport

    "Pollutant emissions transport" measures the transport emissions of NOx, NMVOCs and particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5). It is structured as a benchmark, having an index pegged at year 2000 (index 2000 = 100).

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang..., 24.03.2015

    Soil erosion by water - area eroded by more than 10 tonnes per hectare per year

    The indicator assesses the soil loss by water erosion processes (rainsplash, sheetwash and rills) and gives an indication of the area affected by a certain rate of soil erosion (moderate to severe, i.e. >10 tonnes/hectare/year in the OECD definition). This area is expressed in km2 and as a percentage of the total non-artificial area in the country.

    Water productivity (GDP/Water Footprint)

    "The indicator illustrates the amount of economic value generated by unit of water consumption. It is calculated as GDP (in Purchasing Power Standards /PPS) divided by the Water Footprint (WF) of a country."

    Retrieved from, http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/280/1, 31.03.2015

    Water scarcity index

    Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within a region.

    Physical Trade Balance (PTB)

    The trade surplus or deficit of material resources within an economy, calculated as imports minus exports of raw materials and manufactured products.

    Adjusted net savings, including particulate emission damage (current US$)

    Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage.
    (retrieved 2-2-2014 from Worldbank, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.ADJ.SVNG.CD)

    Environmental Performance Index

    Environmental Performance Index is an indicator that measures environmental performance compared to two main objectives: Environmental Health and Ecosystem Vitality. Environmental Health measures the protection of human health from environmental harm. Ecosystem Vitality measures ecosystem protection and resource management. These two objectives are further divided into nine issue categories that span high-priority environmental policy issues, including air quality, forests, fisheries, and climate and energy, among others.

    Environmental Sustainability Index

    The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) is a measure of overall progress towards environmental sustainability, developed for 146 countries. The index provides a composite profile of national environmental stewardship based on a compilation of 21 indicators derived from 76 underlying data sets.

    Environmental Vulnerability Index

    The Environmental Vulnerability Index is a measure to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by individual nations and some regions of the planet.

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