Indicator database

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    Biological quality of lakes

    This indicator represents the Cyanobacteria percentage of total phytoplankton biomass. This is an indicator of eutrophication.

    Critical load exceedance for nitrogen

    Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition indicating risks for biodiversity loss in (semi)-natural ecosystems.
    (Source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/critical-load-exceedan..., 6-2-2015)

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Emissions of organic matter

    The emission of organic matter is a key environmental problem. Among the pollutants mentioned are Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), and Total Organic Carbon (TOC). BOD, COD and TOC are key indicators of the oxygen content of water.

    Forest growth

    This indicator measures forest area and volume of forest biomass.

    Freshwater quality

    This indicator shows:

    1. Annual median concentrations in rivers of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and ammonium (NH4).

    2. Trends in concentrations of orthophosphate and nitrate in rivers, total phosphorus and nitrate in lakes, and nitrate in groundwater bodies.

    Units

    The concentration of nitrate is expressed as mg nitrate (NO3)/l for groundwater and mg nitrate-nitrogen (mg NO3-N/l) for rivers and orthophosphate and total phosphorus as mg P/l.

    Habitats of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of habitats of European interest.
    It is based on data collected under the reporting obligations of Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    Invasive alien species in Europe

    Number of the listed 'worst' terrestrial and freshwater invasive alien species in each country". (EEA, from the title of figure 4 from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species (http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species...)

    Land cover distribution and change — outlook from MNP

    Land cover distribution and change is a modeled prediction of the distribution of land-cover types (tropical rain forest; desert; tundra; etc.) across the total world terrestrial area in 2050 based on different scenarios.

    Nationally designated areas

    Areas designated under national legislation for the purpose of nature protection including sites such as national parks and nature reserves.

    Soil erosion by water

    EU-wide estimates of erosion are based on modelling studies. Most models contain a rainfall erosivity factor and a soil erodibility factor that reflect average precipitation conditions. Typical values for these factors may inadequately represent the impact of extreme rainfall. Therefore, the uncertainty of modelled erosion risk is high, especially at local level.
    (Source, EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/soil-erosion-by-water-1, 12-2-2015)

    Soil organic carbon

    Soil organic carbon is the carbon (C) stored in soil organic matter (SOM). Organic carbon (OC) enters the soil through the decomposition of plant and animal residues, root exudates, living and dead microorganisms, and soil biota. SOM is the organic fraction of soil exclusive of nondecomposed plant and animal residues. Nevertheless, most analytical methods do not distinguish between decomposed and non-decomposed residues. SOM is a heterogeneous, dynamic substance that varies in particle size, C content, decomposition rate, and turnover time.

    Species of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of species of European interest.
    It is currently based on data collected under the obligations for monitoring under Article 11 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/species-of-european-in...

    Conservation status of habitats by habitat group

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of habitats by habitat group.
    It is based on data collected under the reporting obligations of Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Soil erosion by water - area eroded by more than 10 tonnes per hectare per year

    The indicator assesses the soil loss by water erosion processes (rainsplash, sheetwash and rills) and gives an indication of the area affected by a certain rate of soil erosion (moderate to severe, i.e. >10 tonnes/hectare/year in the OECD definition). This area is expressed in km2 and as a percentage of the total non-artificial area in the country.

    Water productivity (GDP/Water Footprint)

    "The indicator illustrates the amount of economic value generated by unit of water consumption. It is calculated as GDP (in Purchasing Power Standards /PPS) divided by the Water Footprint (WF) of a country."

    Retrieved from, http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/280/1, 31.03.2015

    Fresh Water Resources

    Internal flow and actual external inflow of surface and groundwater in millions of cubic metres per thousands inhabitants.

    Living planet index

    The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.

    Living Planet Index, http://www.livingplanetindex.org/about,
    retrieved on 12/02/2015.

    Water scarcity index

    Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within a region.

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