Indicator database

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    Change in species diversity as a result of climate change — outlook from EEA

    The objective of this indicator is to produce a high-level generic indicator that will show the state and trends of biodiversity in Europe.
    (source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/change-in-species-dive...)

    (This content has been archived on 11 Nov 2013, reason: Content not regularly updated )

    Damages from weather and climate-related events

    Number of natural disasters
    Overall and insured losses from natural disasters
    (source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/direct-losses-from-wea..., 11-2-2015)

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Emission of acidifying substances

    Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone

    "The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment."

    Retrieved from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/exposure-of-ecosystems... on 27/01/2015

    Global and European temperature

    This indicator shows absolute changes and rates of change in average near-surface temperature for the globe and for a region covering Europe. (Definition of EEA)

    Invasive alien species in Europe

    Number of the listed 'worst' terrestrial and freshwater invasive alien species in each country". (EEA, from the title of figure 4 from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species (http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species...)

    Land cover distribution and change — outlook from MNP

    Land cover distribution and change is a modeled prediction of the distribution of land-cover types (tropical rain forest; desert; tundra; etc.) across the total world terrestrial area in 2050 based on different scenarios.

    Municipal waste generation, total

    Total Municipal waste consists of waste generated by households primarily, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality.

    (Source Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/refreshTableAction.do?tab=table&plugin=...)

    Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances

    This indicator quantifies the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in Europe. ODS are long-lived chemicals that contain chlorine or/and bromine and that destroy the stratospheric ozone layer.

    The indicator presents production and consumption in units of tonnes of ODS, which is the amount of ODS produced or consumed, multiplied by their respective ozone depleting potential value. The UNEP - Ozone secretariat data are already provided in tonnes of Ozone Depleting Potential (ODP tonnes).

    Soil erosion by water

    EU-wide estimates of erosion are based on modelling studies. Most models contain a rainfall erosivity factor and a soil erodibility factor that reflect average precipitation conditions. Typical values for these factors may inadequately represent the impact of extreme rainfall. Therefore, the uncertainty of modelled erosion risk is high, especially at local level.
    (Source, EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/soil-erosion-by-water-1, 12-2-2015)

    Status of marine fish stocks

    "The indicator tracks the ratio of the number of over-fished stocks to the total number of commercial stocks per fishing area in European seas."

    European Environment Agency, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/status-of-marine-fish-..., retrieved on 03.02.2015

    Natural disasters linked to climate change

    Number of natural disasters that is assumed to be related with climate change as a consequence of global warming.
    (Implicit in European Communities (2010), 2009 Environment Policy Review, p 44,, available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pdf/policy/EPR_2009.pdf)

    Components of domestic material consumption      

    The indicator Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) is defined as the total amount of material directly used in an economy. DMC equals Direct Material Input (DMI) minus exports. DMI measures the direct input of materials for the use in the economy. DMI equals Domestic Extraction (DE) plus imports.

    Domestic material consumption by material

    The indicator Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) is defined as the total amount of material directly used in an economy. DMC equals Direct Material Input (DMI) minus exports and Domestic Extraction (DE) plus imports. (source: Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/tsdpc230_esmsip.htm)

    Greenhouse gas emissions

    Trend in annual total man-made emissions of the ‘Kyoto basket’ of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O and F-gases) in relation to 1990 emissions and the Kyoto base year.

    Greenhouse gas emissions per capita

    "This indicator shows trends in man-made emissions of the 'Kyoto basket' of greenhouse gases per capita.
    The 'Kyoto basket' of greenhouse gases includes: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and the so-called F-gases (hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6))."
    (Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang..., 2015-03-23)

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Recycling rate of municipal waste (%)

    The recycling rate is the tonnage recycled from municipal waste divided by the total municipal waste arising.
    Recycling includes material recycling, composting and anaerobic digestion. Municipal waste consists to a large extent of waste generated by households, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality
    The indicator is a part of the "resource efficiency scoreboard"

    Soil erosion by water - area eroded by more than 10 tonnes per hectare per year

    The indicator assesses the soil loss by water erosion processes (rainsplash, sheetwash and rills) and gives an indication of the area affected by a certain rate of soil erosion (moderate to severe, i.e. >10 tonnes/hectare/year in the OECD definition). This area is expressed in km2 and as a percentage of the total non-artificial area in the country.

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