Indicator database

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    Critical load exceedance for nitrogen

    Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition indicating risks for biodiversity loss in (semi)-natural ecosystems.
    (Source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/critical-load-exceedan..., 6-2-2015)

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone

    "The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment."

    Retrieved from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/exposure-of-ecosystems... on 27/01/2015

    Habitats of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of habitats of European interest.
    It is based on data collected under the reporting obligations of Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    Soil organic carbon

    Soil organic carbon is the carbon (C) stored in soil organic matter (SOM). Organic carbon (OC) enters the soil through the decomposition of plant and animal residues, root exudates, living and dead microorganisms, and soil biota. SOM is the organic fraction of soil exclusive of nondecomposed plant and animal residues. Nevertheless, most analytical methods do not distinguish between decomposed and non-decomposed residues. SOM is a heterogeneous, dynamic substance that varies in particle size, C content, decomposition rate, and turnover time.

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Water productivity (GDP/Water Footprint)

    "The indicator illustrates the amount of economic value generated by unit of water consumption. It is calculated as GDP (in Purchasing Power Standards /PPS) divided by the Water Footprint (WF) of a country."

    Retrieved from, http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/280/1, 31.03.2015

    Living planet index

    The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.

    Living Planet Index, http://www.livingplanetindex.org/about,
    retrieved on 12/02/2015.

    Happy Planet Index rank order

    The HPI measures the extent to which countries deliver long, happy, sustainable lives for the people that live in them. The Index uses global data on life expectancy, experienced well-being and Ecological Footprint to calculate this.

    The index is an efficiency measure, it ranks countries on how many long and happy lives they produce per unit of environmental input.

    Environmental Performance Index

    Environmental Performance Index is an indicator that measures environmental performance compared to two main objectives: Environmental Health and Ecosystem Vitality. Environmental Health measures the protection of human health from environmental harm. Ecosystem Vitality measures ecosystem protection and resource management. These two objectives are further divided into nine issue categories that span high-priority environmental policy issues, including air quality, forests, fisheries, and climate and energy, among others.

    Environmental Vulnerability Index

    The Environmental Vulnerability Index is a measure to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by individual nations and some regions of the planet.

    Crop production index

    Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 2004-2006. It includes all crops except fodder crops.

    Resource Efficiency Scoreboard

    The Resource efficiency scoreboard is a tool / user interface for presenting key indicators relating to natural resources. For this scoreboard, a limited set of already available indicators was selected, covering as many as possible of the themes and subthemes identified in the Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe. It is a three tier system based on a lead indicator, a dashboard of indicators and a set of theme specific indicators:
    - One Lead indicator – focus on resource productivity
    - 9 Dashboard indicators with focus on carbon, water and land;

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - nitrogen

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of nitrogen surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the nitrogen added to an agricultural system and the nitrogen removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 30/03/2015

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - phosphorus

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of phosphorus surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the phosphorus added to an agricultural system and the phosphorus removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.

    ISO 14001 registered organisations (per mln population)

    This indicator provides an overview of ISO 14001 certified companies in European countries. The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land), comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and continually improve in the above

    GHG emissions intensity (CO2e/GDP)

    "This indicators illustrates the amount of GHG emissions generated per unit of GDP. It is calculated as total GHG emissions (expressed in CO2 equivalents) divided by GDP (expressed in Purchasing Power Standards/PPS)."

    Nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments

    The indicator measure the number of nights spent at establishments intended to shelter tourists. "A tourist accommodation establishment is defined as any facility that regularly or occasionally provides short-term accommodation for tourists as a paid service (although the price might be partially or fully subsidised)."

    (From, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3859598/5925845/KS-GQ-13-007-EN.P..., accessed 06.05.2015)