Indicator database

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    Change in species diversity as a result of climate change — outlook from EEA

    The objective of this indicator is to produce a high-level generic indicator that will show the state and trends of biodiversity in Europe.
    (source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/change-in-species-dive...)

    (This content has been archived on 11 Nov 2013, reason: Content not regularly updated )

    Emission of acidifying substances

    Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone

    "The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment."

    Retrieved from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/exposure-of-ecosystems... on 27/01/2015

    Soil erosion by water

    EU-wide estimates of erosion are based on modelling studies. Most models contain a rainfall erosivity factor and a soil erodibility factor that reflect average precipitation conditions. Typical values for these factors may inadequately represent the impact of extreme rainfall. Therefore, the uncertainty of modelled erosion risk is high, especially at local level.
    (Source, EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/soil-erosion-by-water-1, 12-2-2015)

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Soil erosion by water - area eroded by more than 10 tonnes per hectare per year

    The indicator assesses the soil loss by water erosion processes (rainsplash, sheetwash and rills) and gives an indication of the area affected by a certain rate of soil erosion (moderate to severe, i.e. >10 tonnes/hectare/year in the OECD definition). This area is expressed in km2 and as a percentage of the total non-artificial area in the country.

    Living planet index

    The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.

    Living Planet Index, http://www.livingplanetindex.org/about,
    retrieved on 12/02/2015.

    Environmental Sustainability Index

    The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) is a measure of overall progress towards environmental sustainability, developed for 146 countries. The index provides a composite profile of national environmental stewardship based on a compilation of 21 indicators derived from 76 underlying data sets.

    Environmental Vulnerability Index

    The Environmental Vulnerability Index is a measure to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by individual nations and some regions of the planet.

    Resource Efficiency Scoreboard

    The Resource efficiency scoreboard is a tool / user interface for presenting key indicators relating to natural resources. For this scoreboard, a limited set of already available indicators was selected, covering as many as possible of the themes and subthemes identified in the Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe. It is a three tier system based on a lead indicator, a dashboard of indicators and a set of theme specific indicators:
    - One Lead indicator – focus on resource productivity
    - 9 Dashboard indicators with focus on carbon, water and land;

    Common bird index

    The indicator is an aggregated index integrating the population abundance and the diversity of a selection of common bird species. Three groups of bird species are presented in this indicator: farmland specialists (39 species), forest specialists (33 species) and all common bird species (farmland species, forest species and a further 91 species).Rare species are excluded.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/tsdnr100_esmsip.htm on 25-03-2015

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - nitrogen

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of nitrogen surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the nitrogen added to an agricultural system and the nitrogen removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.
    Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=0&lang... on 30/03/2015

    Gross nutrient balance in agricultural land - phosphorus

    The gross nutrient balance represents the total potential threat to the environment of phosphorus surplus or deficit in agricultural soils. It is calculated accounting the phosphorus added to an agricultural system and the phosphorus removed from the system per hectare of agricultural land.