Indicator database

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    Turnover from innovation

    This indicator is defined as the ratio of turnover from products new to the enterprise and new to the market as a % of total turnover. It is based on the Community innovation survey and covers at least all enterprises with 10 or more employees.

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tsdec340, January 15, 2015

    Organisations and sites with EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) registration

    The number of organisations and sites registered as members of the voluntary environmental management system, The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). EMAS is implemented by companies and other organisations from all sectors of economic activity including local authorities, to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance.

    Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp, 12.02.15

    Physical Trade Balance (PTB)

    The trade surplus or deficit of material resources within an economy, calculated as imports minus exports of raw materials and manufactured products.

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) by socio-economic objective. The indicator is expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.
    (Source: Green Growth indicators 2014, https://www.enviroportal.sk/uploads/files/Zeleny%20rast/OECDGG.pdf)

    Green investments (to capture potential source of transformational change)

    The Green Transition Scoreboard tracks private sector investments in the global economy, relevant to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water (2014 theme), research and development and green technologies (i.e. clean tech).

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % of total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.. (source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GREEN_GROWTH)

    Production-based CO2 productivity

    GDP generated per unit of CO2 emitted through fuel consumption

    Demand-based CO2 productivity

    Real national income per unit of CO2 emitted at various stages of production of the goods and services consumed in domestic final demand, irrespective of where the stages of production occurred. Trends in emissions on this basis serve as a diagnostic complement to the more traditional production based measures.

    Employment in eco-industries and circular economy (% of total employment across all companies)

    The indicator tracks the share of employment in eco-industries in total workforce. Data for year 2008 is obtained from Ecorys (2009): "Study on the Competitiveness of the EU eco-industry." 2012 data is sourced from Thomson One database.

    Retrieved from http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/287/1, 25.03.2015

    Exports of products from eco-industries (% of total exports)

    The indicator captures the share of eco-industry exports in total export (in %). The subsectors that make up the eco-industry are: air pollution control, water pollution control, waste disposal, monitoring equipment, other environmental equipment, solar thermal, photovoltaics and hydropower.