Indicator database

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    Biological quality of lakes

    This indicator represents the Cyanobacteria percentage of total phytoplankton biomass. This is an indicator of eutrophication.

    Change in species diversity as a result of climate change — outlook from EEA

    The objective of this indicator is to produce a high-level generic indicator that will show the state and trends of biodiversity in Europe.
    (source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/change-in-species-dive...)

    (This content has been archived on 11 Nov 2013, reason: Content not regularly updated )

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Emissions of primary particulates — outlook from LRTAP

    This indicator tracks trends and presents projections in emissions of primary particulate PM10 and PM2,5.
    "PM10" means particulate matter which passes through a size-selective inlet with a 50 % efficiency cut-off at 10 mm aerodynamic diameter;
    "PM2,5" means particulate matter which passes through a size-selective inlet with a 50 % efficiency cut-off at 2,5mm aerodynamic diameter.

    Energy-related emissions of particulate matter

    Combination of primary PM10 data, and emissions of secondary PM10 precursors (SO2 and NOx and NH3) weighted using aerosol formation factors (according to de Leeuw, 2002) NOx = 0.88, SO2 = 0.54 and NH3 = 0.64. Gaps in reported data have been filled by EEA/ETC-ACC where necessary using simple interpolation techniques.
    (Source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/energy-related-emissio...)

    Invasive alien species in Europe

    Number of the listed 'worst' terrestrial and freshwater invasive alien species in each country". (EEA, from the title of figure 4 from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species (http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/invasive-alien-species...)

    Land cover distribution and change — outlook from MNP

    Land cover distribution and change is a modeled prediction of the distribution of land-cover types (tropical rain forest; desert; tundra; etc.) across the total world terrestrial area in 2050 based on different scenarios.

    Status of marine fish stocks

    "The indicator tracks the ratio of the number of over-fished stocks to the total number of commercial stocks per fishing area in European seas."

    European Environment Agency, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/status-of-marine-fish-..., retrieved on 03.02.2015

    Concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere

    Monitoring Division of NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory has measured carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases for several decades at a globally distributed network of air sampling sites [Conway, 1994]. A global average is constructed by first fitting a smoothed curve as a function of time to each site, and then the smoothed value for each site is plotted as a function of latitude for 48 equal time steps per year. A global average is calculated from the latitude plot at each time step [Masarie, 1995].

    Green jobs

    The jobs created due to policy interventions in resource efficiency and environment are sometimes referred to as ‘Green Jobs’.(ECORYS, The number of Jobs dependent on the Environment and Resource Efficiency (2012), http://ec.europa.eu/environment/enveco/jobs/pdf/jobs.pdf)

    Natural disasters linked to climate change

    Number of natural disasters that is assumed to be related with climate change as a consequence of global warming.
    (Implicit in European Communities (2010), 2009 Environment Policy Review, p 44,, available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pdf/policy/EPR_2009.pdf)

    Ecolabel licenses

    This indicator is defined as the number of Ecolabel or "EU Flower" licences in European countries. The Community Ecolabel is awarded to products and services with reduced environmental impacts. It is administered by the European Commission and receives the support of all EU Member States and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Ecolabel criteria are discussed in the European Union Ecolabelling Board (EUEB) whose membership includes representatives from industry, environmental protection groups, consumer organisations and representatives for SMEs.

    Inequality of income distribution   

    The ratio of total income received by the 20 % of the population with the highest income (top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the population with the lowest income (lowest quintile). Income must be understood as equivalised disposable income.

    Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tsdsc260, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    Adjusted net national income per capita (current US$)

    Adjusted net national income per capita is adjusted net national income (NNI) divided by number of people in the country.

    Adjusted NNI is Gross National Income (GNI) minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.

    GNI is the sum of value added by all producers who are residents in a nation, plus any product taxes (minus subsidies) not included in output, plus income received from abroad such as employee compensation and property income.

    Volunteering and Intergenerational Solidarity

    Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity and is intended to promote goodness or improve human quality of life. In return, this activity can produce a feeling of self-worth and respect. There is no financial gain involved for the individual. Volunteering may have positive benefits for the volunteer as well as for the person or community served

    Life expectancy at birth

    "The average number of years that a newborn could expect to live, if he or she were to pass through life exposed to the sex- and age-specific death rates prevailing at the time of his or her birth, for a specific year, in a given country, territory, or geographic area."
    Retrieved from, http://apps.who.int/gho/indicatorregistry/App_Main/view_indicator.aspx?i..., 12.08.2014

    Group Membership

    The extent to which people participate in formal and informal groups in society is an important dimension of social cohesion (OECD, 2005, p. 84))
    http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migra...
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

    Trust in justice

    The indicator measures the percentage of people who "tend to trust" the justice system.

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/cf/showchart_column.cfm?keyID=2196&na..., 12.12.14

    People living in households with very low work intensity

    People aged 0-59, living in households, where working-age adults (18-59) work less than 20% of their total work potential during the past year.

    (Retrieved from http://www.idescat.cat/economia/inec?tc=7&id=8511&lang=en, 26 January 2015)

    Soil erosion by water - area eroded by more than 10 tonnes per hectare per year

    The indicator assesses the soil loss by water erosion processes (rainsplash, sheetwash and rills) and gives an indication of the area affected by a certain rate of soil erosion (moderate to severe, i.e. >10 tonnes/hectare/year in the OECD definition). This area is expressed in km2 and as a percentage of the total non-artificial area in the country.

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