Indicator database

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    Critical load exceedance for nitrogen

    Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition indicating risks for biodiversity loss in (semi)-natural ecosystems.
    (Source: EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/critical-load-exceedan..., 6-2-2015)

    Distribution of plant species

    Expected average percentage of stable area of 856 plant species for two different climate scenarios.
    Retrieved from: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/distribution-of-plant-...
    on 10/02/2015

    Ecological Footprint

    The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using, as well the area required to absorb the waste emitted.

    Emission of acidifying substances

    Emissions of organic matter

    The emission of organic matter is a key environmental problem. Among the pollutants mentioned are Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), and Total Organic Carbon (TOC). BOD, COD and TOC are key indicators of the oxygen content of water.

    Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone

    "The indicator shows the ecosystem or crops areas at risk of exposure to harmful effects of ozone as a consequence of air pollution, and shows the state of change in acidification, eutrophication and ozone levels of the European environment."

    Retrieved from http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/exposure-of-ecosystems... on 27/01/2015

    Freshwater quality

    This indicator shows:

    1. Annual median concentrations in rivers of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and ammonium (NH4).

    2. Trends in concentrations of orthophosphate and nitrate in rivers, total phosphorus and nitrate in lakes, and nitrate in groundwater bodies.

    Units

    The concentration of nitrate is expressed as mg nitrate (NO3)/l for groundwater and mg nitrate-nitrogen (mg NO3-N/l) for rivers and orthophosphate and total phosphorus as mg P/l.

    Fuel prices

    "The price of fuel in the EU, including the cost price, excise duty and VAT. Prices are in Euros per litre."

    (EEA, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/fuel-prices-and-taxes, 2014-12-17)

    Habitats of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of habitats of European interest.
    It is based on data collected under the reporting obligations of Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    Nationally designated areas

    Areas designated under national legislation for the purpose of nature protection including sites such as national parks and nature reserves.

    Nitrogen oxides emissions

    Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are together referred to as nitrogen oxides (NOX). Combustion of fossil fuels is by far the dominant source of NOX emissions. The emissions are not dependent solely on the amount of nitrogen in the fuel but also on the air - fuel mix ratio. High temperatures and oxidation-rich conditions generally favour NOX formation in combustion.NOX contributes to acid deposition and eutrophication which in turn can lead to potential changes occurring in soil and water quality.

    Soil organic carbon

    Soil organic carbon is the carbon (C) stored in soil organic matter (SOM). Organic carbon (OC) enters the soil through the decomposition of plant and animal residues, root exudates, living and dead microorganisms, and soil biota. SOM is the organic fraction of soil exclusive of nondecomposed plant and animal residues. Nevertheless, most analytical methods do not distinguish between decomposed and non-decomposed residues. SOM is a heterogeneous, dynamic substance that varies in particle size, C content, decomposition rate, and turnover time.

    Species diversity

    Species diversity is a measure of the diversity within an ecological community that incorporates both species richness (the number of species in a community) and the evenness of species' abundances. Species diversity is one component of the concept of biodiversity.

    Species of European interest

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of species of European interest.
    It is currently based on data collected under the obligations for monitoring under Article 11 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/species-of-european-in...

    Species interactions

    Projected spatial mismatches of the Portuguese Dappled White butterfly and its host plants

    Status of marine fish stocks

    "The indicator tracks the ratio of the number of over-fished stocks to the total number of commercial stocks per fishing area in European seas."

    European Environment Agency, http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/status-of-marine-fish-..., retrieved on 03.02.2015

    Conservation status of habitats by habitat group

    The indicator shows changes in the conservation status of habitats by habitat group.
    It is based on data collected under the reporting obligations of Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC).

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, by age group      

    The indicator is defined as the share of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers).

    Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tessi012, Retrieved on 17.12.2014

    NOTE: Metadata currently unavailable due to a broken link on the Eurostat website. To be added later.

    Domestic material consumption by material

    The indicator Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) is defined as the total amount of material directly used in an economy. DMC equals Direct Material Input (DMI) minus exports and Domestic Extraction (DE) plus imports. (source: Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/tsdpc230_esmsip.htm)

    Employment rate, by sex, age group 20-64

    The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.

    http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp
    (Retrieved: 26 January 2015)

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