Indicator database

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    Ecolabel licenses

    This indicator is defined as the number of Ecolabel or "EU Flower" licences in European countries. The Community Ecolabel is awarded to products and services with reduced environmental impacts. It is administered by the European Commission and receives the support of all EU Member States and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Ecolabel criteria are discussed in the European Union Ecolabelling Board (EUEB) whose membership includes representatives from industry, environmental protection groups, consumer organisations and representatives for SMEs.

    Turnover from innovation

    This indicator is defined as the ratio of turnover from products new to the enterprise and new to the market as a % of total turnover. It is based on the Community innovation survey and covers at least all enterprises with 10 or more employees.

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tsdec340, January 15, 2015

    Eco-innovation Index

    Unweighted mean of 16 indicators from eight contributors in five areas: eco-innovation inputs, eco-innovation activities, eco-innovation outputs, environmental outcomes and socio-economic outcomes.

    MSCI Global Clean Technology Index

    This index is one of the MSCI Global Environment Indices - free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted indices designed to provide exposure to environmental themes by identifying pure play companies((i.e., derives 50% or more of its revenue from products and services from clean technology) that focus on offering products or services that contribute to a more environmentally sustainable economy by directly reducing the consumption of or improving the productive use of limited global natural resources. It measures the gross returns of these companies.

    Green Patents, Index 1990=100

    The sum of patents on electric and hybrid vehicles, energy efficiency in buildings and lightning, renewable energy generation, air pollution abatement, water pollution abatement and waste management.
    (Source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/OECDStat_Metadata/ShowMetadata.ashx?Dataset=GREEN_...)

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) by socio-economic objective. The indicator is expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.
    (Source: Green Growth indicators 2014, https://www.enviroportal.sk/uploads/files/Zeleny%20rast/OECDGG.pdf)

    Share of energy from renewable sources

    The contribution of renewables, i.e. energy from hydro, geothermal, solar, wind, tide and wave source as well as biofuels and the renewable fraction of municipal waste as percentage of total primary energy supply. (source: OECD)

    Total environmentally related taxes, % GDP

    Environmentally related taxes include (i) energy products for transport and stationary purposes (ii) motor vehicles and transport; (iii) waste management; (iv) ozone-depleting substances and (v) other taxes.
    (Source: Green Growth Knowledge platform, http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/country-data/source-information)

    Green investments (to capture potential source of transformational change)

    The Green Transition Scoreboard tracks private sector investments in the global economy, relevant to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water (2014 theme), research and development and green technologies (i.e. clean tech).

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % of total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.. (source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GREEN_GROWTH)

    Production-based CO2 productivity

    GDP generated per unit of CO2 emitted through fuel consumption

    Demand-based CO2 productivity

    Real national income per unit of CO2 emitted at various stages of production of the goods and services consumed in domestic final demand, irrespective of where the stages of production occurred. Trends in emissions on this basis serve as a diagnostic complement to the more traditional production based measures.

    Recycling rate of e-waste

    Electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) is a risk to environment because of its hazardous components. However, it also provides a high potential for recycling precious metals and other highly valuable materials.
    The indicator presents the effective recycling rate of e-waste which is the collection rate multiplied by the efficiency of treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
    WEEE cannot simply be regarded as being equivalent to the amount put on the market in the same year, as EEE often takes longer than one year to become a waste.

    Total environmental tax revenues as a share of total revenues from taxes and social contributions

    An environmental tax is a tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of it) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment. Total revenues for environmental taxes include taxes on transport, energy, pollution and resources.

    Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars

    This indicator is defined as the average emissions of carbon dioxide per kilometre by new passenger cars registered in a given year.

    Eco-Innovation Activities

    Eco-innovation activities are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: Implementation of innovation activities to reduce material inputs per unit of output in companies, implementation of innovation activities to reduce energy inputs per unit of output in companies and firms with environmental management (ISO 14001) systems.

    Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of material input per unit output

    Number of firms, implementing innovations with environmental benefits

    Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of energy input per unit output (% of total firms)

    Number of firms, implementing innovations with environmental benefits

    ISO 14001 registered organisations (per mln population)

    This indicator provides an overview of ISO 14001 certified companies in European countries. The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land), comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and continually improve in the above

    Eco-Innovation Outputs

    Eco-innovation outputs are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: government investments in environmental and energy R&D, green early stage investments and total R&D personnel
    (Spurce: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/269/1; Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

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