Indicator database

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    Total R&D expenditure

    Gross domestic expenditure on research and experimental development as a percentage of GDP. This includes spending on creative work that is undertaken on a systematic basis which aims to increase the stock of knowledge, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.

    Turnover from innovation

    This indicator is defined as the ratio of turnover from products new to the enterprise and new to the market as a % of total turnover. It is based on the Community innovation survey and covers at least all enterprises with 10 or more employees.

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tsdec340, January 15, 2015

    Investment by institutional sectors

    The percentage of GDP that is used for gross investment in the economy. It includes investment in the acquisition, improvement of, or additions to fixed assets held by government, business and household sectors.

    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)

    "Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP."

    Organisations and sites with EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) registration

    The number of organisations and sites registered as members of the voluntary environmental management system, The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). EMAS is implemented by companies and other organisations from all sectors of economic activity including local authorities, to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance.

    Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp, 12.02.15

    MSCI Global Clean Technology Index

    This index is one of the MSCI Global Environment Indices - free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted indices designed to provide exposure to environmental themes by identifying pure play companies((i.e., derives 50% or more of its revenue from products and services from clean technology) that focus on offering products or services that contribute to a more environmentally sustainable economy by directly reducing the consumption of or improving the productive use of limited global natural resources. It measures the gross returns of these companies.

    Green Patents, Index 1990=100

    The sum of patents on electric and hybrid vehicles, energy efficiency in buildings and lightning, renewable energy generation, air pollution abatement, water pollution abatement and waste management.
    (Source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/OECDStat_Metadata/ShowMetadata.ashx?Dataset=GREEN_...)

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) by socio-economic objective. The indicator is expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.
    (Source: Green Growth indicators 2014, https://www.enviroportal.sk/uploads/files/Zeleny%20rast/OECDGG.pdf)

    Intangible fixed assets (net)

    Intangible fixed assets (net) are immaterial assets (e.g. computer software).
    The concept and the numbers are based on National Accounts and a component of total fixed assets (net).
    (for more information: Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/nama_esms.htm, 23-01-2015)

    Total fixed assets (net)

    Total fixed assets (net) is a concept of the annual national accounts. It is the sum of the following asset types:
    "Cultivated assets (AN.1114), Transport equipment (AN.11131), Other machinery and equipment (AN.11132), Dwellings (AN.1111), Other buildings and structures (AN.1112), Intangible fixed assets (AN.112).

    More detailed information can be found in annex 7.1 of ESA95." (Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/nama_esms.htm, 22-01-2015)

    Green investments (to capture potential source of transformational change)

    The Green Transition Scoreboard tracks private sector investments in the global economy, relevant to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water (2014 theme), research and development and green technologies (i.e. clean tech).

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % of total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.. (source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GREEN_GROWTH)

    Business Extent of Disclosure Index

    The disclosure index measures the extent to which investors are protected through disclosure of ownership and financial information. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher values indicating more disclosure. (Description taken from World Bank website: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IC.BUS.DISC.XQ, accessed 8 December 2014)

    GDP per capita (current US$)

    "GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars."

    (Worldbank, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD, 2014-12-11)

    Exports of products from eco-industries (% of total exports)

    The indicator captures the share of eco-industry exports in total export (in %). The subsectors that make up the eco-industry are: air pollution control, water pollution control, waste disposal, monitoring equipment, other environmental equipment, solar thermal, photovoltaics and hydropower.

    Global Innovation Index

    The Global Innovation Index 2014 (GII), in its 7th edition this year, is co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO, an agency of the United Nations, UN).

    Green Transition Scoreboard

    The scoreboard presents the amount of investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency, green construction, water management, green R&D and Cleantech - on the global level
    (Source: http://4a5qvh23tbek30e0mg42uq87.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploa... Retrieved: 21/4/2015)