Indicator database

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    Energy taxes by paying sector

    "This indicator presents the percentage share of energy tax revenues by the paying sector. The indicator presents the percentage of energy taxes paid by 'households', 'industry and construction', 'agriculture, forestry and fishing', 'transportation and storage' and the 'services' sector."
    (Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/refreshTableAction.do?tab=table&plugin=..., 2015-03-25)

    Labour taxes, % GDP

    Taxes on labour, probably including social security, as percentage of GDP

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) by socio-economic objective. The indicator is expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.
    (Source: Green Growth indicators 2014, https://www.enviroportal.sk/uploads/files/Zeleny%20rast/OECDGG.pdf)

    Total environmentally related taxes, % GDP

    Environmentally related taxes include (i) energy products for transport and stationary purposes (ii) motor vehicles and transport; (iii) waste management; (iv) ozone-depleting substances and (v) other taxes.
    (Source: Green Growth Knowledge platform, http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/country-data/source-information)

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % of total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.. (source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GREEN_GROWTH)

    Rule of Law

    Rule of law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.
    Reference: http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.aspx#doc Accessed 14.01.15

    Production-based CO2 productivity

    GDP generated per unit of CO2 emitted through fuel consumption

    Demand-based CO2 productivity

    Real national income per unit of CO2 emitted at various stages of production of the goods and services consumed in domestic final demand, irrespective of where the stages of production occurred. Trends in emissions on this basis serve as a diagnostic complement to the more traditional production based measures.

    Environmental protection expenditure by the public sector

    Environmental protection expenditure is the money spent on all purposeful activities directly aimed at the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution or any other degradation of the environment. It includes both investments and current expenditure.

    Total environmental tax revenues as a share of total revenues from taxes and social contributions

    An environmental tax is a tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of it) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment. Total revenues for environmental taxes include taxes on transport, energy, pollution and resources.

    Eco-Innovation Activities

    Eco-innovation activities are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: Implementation of innovation activities to reduce material inputs per unit of output in companies, implementation of innovation activities to reduce energy inputs per unit of output in companies and firms with environmental management (ISO 14001) systems.

    Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of material input per unit output

    Number of firms, implementing innovations with environmental benefits

    Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of energy input per unit output (% of total firms)

    Number of firms, implementing innovations with environmental benefits

    ISO 14001 registered organisations (per mln population)

    This indicator provides an overview of ISO 14001 certified companies in European countries. The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land), comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and continually improve in the above

    Eco-Innovation Outputs

    Eco-innovation outputs are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: government investments in environmental and energy R&D, green early stage investments and total R&D personnel
    (Spurce: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/view/269/1; Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Eco-Innovation related patents (per mln population)

    The indicator shows the number of the eco-innovation patents per million of population
    (Source: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/visualise/#view:indicator/i...
    Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Eco-innovation related academic publications (per mln population)

    The indicator shows the number of the eco-innovation related publications per million of population
    (Source: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/visualise/#view:indicator/i...
    Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Eco-innovation related media coverage (per numbers of electronic media)

    The indicator shows the number of the eco-innovation related media coverage per numbers of electronic media
    (Source: http://database.eco-innovation.eu/indicators/visualise/#view:indicator/i...
    Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Global Innovation Index

    The Global Innovation Index 2014 (GII), in its 7th edition this year, is co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO, an agency of the United Nations, UN).

    Fossil fuel subsidies

    This indicator offers data about subsidies for fossil fuels. The information is provided in form of proportion rates of the full cost of supply in percentage. Its differentiates between coal, oil, gas and electricity. Also subsidies as amount per citizen, total subsidies as share of GDP and average subsidies rate are provided. (http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/resources/energysubsidies/)