Indicator database

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    Adjusted net national income per capita (current US$)

    Adjusted net national income per capita is adjusted net national income (NNI) divided by number of people in the country.

    Adjusted NNI is Gross National Income (GNI) minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.

    GNI is the sum of value added by all producers who are residents in a nation, plus any product taxes (minus subsidies) not included in output, plus income received from abroad such as employee compensation and property income.

    Real effective exchange rate - 37 trading partners

    “The REER (or Relative price and cost indicators) aim to assess a country's (or currency area's) price or cost competitiveness relative to its principal competitors in international markets. Changes in cost and price competitiveness depend not only on exchange rate movements but also on cost and price trends.

    Total R&D expenditure

    Gross domestic expenditure on research and experimental development as a percentage of GDP. This includes spending on creative work that is undertaken on a systematic basis which aims to increase the stock of knowledge, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.

    Turnover from innovation

    This indicator is defined as the ratio of turnover from products new to the enterprise and new to the market as a % of total turnover. It is based on the Community innovation survey and covers at least all enterprises with 10 or more employees.

    Retrieved from, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/tsdec340, January 15, 2015

    Investment by institutional sectors

    The percentage of GDP that is used for gross investment in the economy. It includes investment in the acquisition, improvement of, or additions to fixed assets held by government, business and household sectors.

    Current account balance

    The current account balance of payments is a record of a country's international transactions with the rest of the world. The current account includes all the transactions (other than those in financial items) that involve economic values and occur between resident and non-resident entities.

    Retrieved from, http://data.oecd.org/trade/current-account-balance.htm, 2015/1/15

    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)

    "Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP."

    Organisations and sites with EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) registration

    The number of organisations and sites registered as members of the voluntary environmental management system, The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). EMAS is implemented by companies and other organisations from all sectors of economic activity including local authorities, to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance.

    Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/web/table/description.jsp, 12.02.15

    MSCI Global Clean Technology Index

    This index is one of the MSCI Global Environment Indices - free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted indices designed to provide exposure to environmental themes by identifying pure play companies((i.e., derives 50% or more of its revenue from products and services from clean technology) that focus on offering products or services that contribute to a more environmentally sustainable economy by directly reducing the consumption of or improving the productive use of limited global natural resources. It measures the gross returns of these companies.

    Physical Trade Balance (PTB)

    The trade surplus or deficit of material resources within an economy, calculated as imports minus exports of raw materials and manufactured products.

    Green Patents, Index 1990=100

    The sum of patents on electric and hybrid vehicles, energy efficiency in buildings and lightning, renewable energy generation, air pollution abatement, water pollution abatement and waste management.
    (Source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/OECDStat_Metadata/ShowMetadata.ashx?Dataset=GREEN_...)

    Labour taxes, % GDP

    Taxes on labour, probably including social security, as percentage of GDP

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) by socio-economic objective. The indicator is expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.
    (Source: Green Growth indicators 2014, https://www.enviroportal.sk/uploads/files/Zeleny%20rast/OECDGG.pdf)

    Intangible fixed assets (net)

    Intangible fixed assets (net) are immaterial assets (e.g. computer software).
    The concept and the numbers are based on National Accounts and a component of total fixed assets (net).
    (for more information: Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/nama_esms.htm, 23-01-2015)

    Total fixed assets (net)

    Total fixed assets (net) is a concept of the annual national accounts. It is the sum of the following asset types:
    "Cultivated assets (AN.1114), Transport equipment (AN.11131), Other machinery and equipment (AN.11132), Dwellings (AN.1111), Other buildings and structures (AN.1112), Intangible fixed assets (AN.112).

    More detailed information can be found in annex 7.1 of ESA95." (Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/nama_esms.htm, 22-01-2015)

    Technology Achievement Index

    The technology achievement index (TAI) aims to capture how well a country is creating and diffusing technology and building a human skill base—reflecting capacity to participate in the technological innovations of the network age. This composite index measures achievements, not potential, effort or inputs.

    Green investments (to capture potential source of transformational change)

    The Green Transition Scoreboard tracks private sector investments in the global economy, relevant to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water (2014 theme), research and development and green technologies (i.e. clean tech).

    Foreign direct investment, net outflows (% of GDP)

    "Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net outflows of investment from the reporting economy to the rest of the world and is divided by GDP."

    Public spending in environmentally related RD, % of total public spending

    Government appropriations or outlays for Research and Development (GBAORD) expressed as percentage of all-purpose government outlays for Research and Development.. (source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GREEN_GROWTH)

    Legatum Prosperity Index

    The Prosperity Index is a global measurement of prosperity based on both income and wellbeing. The Index analysed the countries across 8 sub-indices – Economy, Entrepreneurship & Opportunity, Governance, Education, Health, Safety & Security, Personal Freedom and Social Capital.

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