Indicator database

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    Gini Coefficient

    Gini Coefficient(also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) measures the extent to which the distribution of income or consumption expenditure among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality. (The lower its value, the more equally household income is distributed.)

    World Bank, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI, retrieved on 18.02.2015

    Living planet index

    The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.

    Living Planet Index, http://www.livingplanetindex.org/about,
    retrieved on 12/02/2015.

    MSCI Global Clean Technology Index

    This index is one of the MSCI Global Environment Indices - free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted indices designed to provide exposure to environmental themes by identifying pure play companies((i.e., derives 50% or more of its revenue from products and services from clean technology) that focus on offering products or services that contribute to a more environmentally sustainable economy by directly reducing the consumption of or improving the productive use of limited global natural resources. It measures the gross returns of these companies.

    Consumption of ozone-depleting substances

    The consumption of ozone-depleting substances is the sum of the consumption of the ozone-depleting potential- weighted metric tons of all ozone-depleting substances controlled under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. (Definition UN statistical handbook)

    Green Patents, Index 1990=100

    The sum of patents on electric and hybrid vehicles, energy efficiency in buildings and lightning, renewable energy generation, air pollution abatement, water pollution abatement and waste management.
    (Source: OECD, http://stats.oecd.org/OECDStat_Metadata/ShowMetadata.ashx?Dataset=GREEN_...)

    ODA - Environment sector, % total ODA

    The share of Official Development Assistance allocated to the Environment sector.

    The Environment sector refers to general environmental protection activities, i.e. environmental policy and administrative management, biosphere protection, bio-diversity, site preservation, flood prevention/control, environmental education/training, environmental research.This indicator is based on commitment data, which best reflect current policies by donors.

    Technology Achievement Index

    The technology achievement index (TAI) aims to capture how well a country is creating and diffusing technology and building a human skill base—reflecting capacity to participate in the technological innovations of the network age. This composite index measures achievements, not potential, effort or inputs.

    Green investments (to capture potential source of transformational change)

    The Green Transition Scoreboard tracks private sector investments in the global economy, relevant to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water (2014 theme), research and development and green technologies (i.e. clean tech).

    Green Transition Scoreboard

    The scoreboard presents the amount of investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency, green construction, water management, green R&D and Cleantech - on the global level
    (Source: http://4a5qvh23tbek30e0mg42uq87.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploa... Retrieved: 21/4/2015)